What Causes Acne and how to Treat it

by | Feb 13, 2019 | Skincare

Blemish-prone skin can be frustrating and have a huge impact on your confidence, however, it can often be difficult to determine what causes acne and how to combat it. But if you’ve been suffering from acne breakouts and you’re looking for a solution, we’re on hand to help you achieve a more radiant, glowing complexion.


What Causes Acne?

Generally speaking, acne breakouts are often caused by the overproduction of sebum from the sebaceous glands in the skin. This excess sebum results in oily skin and blocked pores, resulting in dreaded acne breakouts. There are a number of reasons why the skin may overproduce sebum, including:


  • Stress
  • Diet
  • Inefficient Skincare Regime
  • Hormones

Hormone imbalances are one of the most common causes of acne, so if you’ve been suffering from frequent breakouts then it might be worth having a blood test to establish whether you’re suffering from a hormone imbalance. However, diet and stress can contribute to an imbalance, so it’s always worth evaluating your lifestyle if you’ve noticed an increase in breakouts.

How Does Stress Cause Acne?

What Causes Acne and how to Treat it AR Makeup SchoolIf you’re under a lot of stress, your body will release cortisol, a hormone which triggers the sebaceous glands to produce oil. This excess oil then causes the pores to become clogged and breakouts to occur. So if you’re suffering with stress, it might be time for a lifestyle change. Whether you’re stressed at work, or your personal relationships are causing you grief – acne breakouts will increase the stress you’re under and the cycle will continue.

However, there are a number of ways to decrease stress, including:

  • Meditation
  • Exercise
  • Avoid caffeine & alcohol
  • Get more sleep

Simply reducing the level of stress you’re under could go a long way towards reducing breakouts and improving your skin. However, stress isn’t the only acne-causing factor.

Unsurprisingly, an inefficient skincare routine can have a dramatic impact on your skin.


Skincare Regime for Acne-Prone Skin


Before adopting a new skincare regime, it’s always advisable to establish what skin type you’ve got. Quite often, people with blemish-prone skin assume they’ve got oily skin, however this is not always the case. In fact, using skincare products for oily skin when you’ve got What Causes Acne and how to Treat it AR Makeup Schoola different skin type can actually cause your skin to produce more oil.

If your skin is dry, the skin will produce more oil in order to hydrate it. However, if you start to use products which are formulated for oily skin, stripping the skin of oil, it will actually end up producing more – resulting in breakouts. Arrange a visit to a dermatologist who will evaluate your complexion and suggest the perfect regime for your skin type.

But simply choosing the right cleanser, toner and moisturiser for your skin type won’t work. There are other steps you need to take in order to ensure your skin remains clear, such as removing your makeup every night before bed.

No matter what your skin type, removing your makeup is an essential step for keeping your skin clear and healthy. Sleeping in makeup affects skin in a number of ways, including:

  • Clogging pores
  • Accelerating ageing
  • Irritating the skin
  • Causing breakouts

Whether you use a micellar water or a cream cleanser – removing your makeup every night before sleeping will help you to improve your complexion and avoid pesky breakouts.


How Does my Diet Affect my Skin?

It’s no secret that maintaining a healthy diet can ensure you look and feel your best, but there are a number of foods which can actually worsen acne breakouts. One of the biggest skin-offenders are foods which cause your blood sugar to rise quickly, such as:

  • Pasta
  • White Rice
  • White Bread
  • Sugar

The quick rise in blood sugar causes a spike in the hormone insulin, triggering the oil glands to produce more acne-causing oil.

Additionally, foods with large amounts of dairy, saturated fats and trans fats can also wreak havoc on your skin. But worry, not! Simple tweaks to your diet could help you to improve your complexion and reduce acne breakouts.

Maintaining a diet rich in complex carbohydrates, such as vegetables and whole grains can lower the risk of developing acne, as they don’t cause a spike in blood sugar. Additionally, some of the most skin-friendly foods include:

  • Yellow & orange fruits and vegetables
  • Dark leafy greens
  • Tomatoes
  • Turkey
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Fatty fish, such as salmon
  • Nuts

By reducing the number of simple carbohydrates in your diet and increasing the complex carbohydrates and skin-friendly foods, you’ll start to notice a difference, not only to your skin, but to your overall health.

Whether you try one of these solutions, or all of the above – one of the main things to remember is that you need to be consistent and persevere. None of these solutions will work overnight – you need to give your body a chance to adjust and heal in order to reduce your acne breakouts.